From the very dawn of humanity, people have looked to the heavens and the planets for guidance. Thousands of years ago astrology was, generally speaking, reserved only for members of royalty.  

The Roots
The roots of Western Tropical astrology (the type of astrology most Westerners are familiar with today) date all the way back to ancient Mesopotamia (2300 BC). From there, perhaps as early as 600 BC, astrology began making its way into ancient Greece. Astrology's entrance into Greece coincided with the beginning of the first great Greek philosophers and with the rise of the Greek state and culture.
Socrates - 469 to 399 BC
Plato - 427 to 347 BC
Aristotle - 384 to 322 BC

Age of Enlightenment
For the most part, in the Western world, astrology kept its low profile until a reemergence during the European Renaissance (ranging in date anywhere from 1453 - 1598 to as late as the 1670s). Spurred on in Italy by the Medicis, and the revival of Greek neo-Platonic philosophies - astrology once again began gaining prominence among many of the scholastics of the day. During the European Renaissance, the vast majority of Western astrologers were practicing Christians,remonikering astrology as being "Christian Astrology," although it's generally thought that this was much in order to keep the still rather powerful Christian church leadership at bay. TheEuropean Renaissance was then followed by the bright rationalistic light of the Age of Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution of the 17th century AD, with the scholastic world finally determining, once and for all, that the Earth was not the center of the universe.

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